Iris verna L.

Locations ofIris verna L. in Virginia

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Botanical Name
Iris verna L.
Common Name
Dwarf Iris
Flora of Virginia Name/Status
Iris verna L. var. smalliana Fernald + Iris verna L. var. verna
The map includes all records for the species and its two varieties, which were lumped in previous hard-copy versions of the Atlas. Var. smalliana Fernald, with relatively wide leaves and short rhizomes, occurs in the mountains and Piedmont. Var. verna, with relatively narrow leaves and long rhizomes, occurs primarily in the Coastal Plain. Most Virginia herbarium specimens are not identified to variety, and an extensive effort will be required to map these taxa.
Var. smalliana, presumably the widespread inland variety, occurs in dry, rocky or sandy forests, pine-oak/heath woodlands, and clearings; it is common in the mountains and infrequent in the Piedmont. Var. verna, presumably the characteristic coastal variety, occurs in dry to mesic to wet sandy forests, sandhill woodlands, clearings, and roadsides; it is infrequent to locally common in the s. Coastal Plain and rare in the n. Coastal Plain.
Native Status

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