Celtis laevigata Willd.

Locations ofCeltis laevigata Willd. in Virginia

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Botanical Name
Celtis laevigata Willd.
Common Name
Sugarberry, Southern Hackberry
Celtis smallii Beadle
Flora of Virginia Name/Status
Celtis laevigata Willd.
The distinction between C. laevigata and C. occidentalis is problematic in Virginia, complicated by wide morphological variation in both species, sympatric ranges, and suspected hybridization. Available keys for distinguishing these species are often inadequate, sometimes conflicting, or require plant parts (such as mature fruits) that are often inacessible or unavailable. The maps are based on varying interpretations of individual collectors and almost certainly fail to provide a consensus on morphology. Phytogeographically, it seems likely that this species should be confined to or most widespread in the eastern portion of the state; and field experience suggests that unequivocal C. laevigata is most common in the Coastal Plain. However, where to draw the line awaits critical examination of specimens.
Bottomland forests, especially on natural levees; upland calcareous forests and woodlands and shell middens. Apparently common in at least parts of the Coastal Plain, and infrequent or rare in the Piedmont and mountains. However, considerable uncertainty exists about the range of this species in Virginia; see Comments above.
Native Status

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