Fraxinus americana L.

Locations ofFraxinus americana L. in Virginia

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Botanical Name
Fraxinus americana L.
Common Name
White Ash
Fraxinus biltmoreana Beadle; Fraxinus americana L. var. biltmoreana (Beadle) Wright ex Fern.
Flora of Virginia Name/Status
Fraxinus americana L.
The name var. biltmoreana (Beadle) Wright ex Fern. (sometimes treated as F. biltmoreana Beadle) has been applied to trees with leaves, petioles, rachises, and branchlets heavily short pubescent. However, numerous trees, especially in dry limestone areas, are intermediate. Pubescent forms also often have buds more like F. pennsylvanica, causing additional confusion. The introduced, Asiatic pathogen Emerald Ash Borer (Agrilus planipennis) is currently causing extensive mortality in ash populations in most parts of Virginia. In the near future, white ash will be a much less important tree in the state's natural communities.
Mesic to dry upland forests, most often in (but not limited to) base-rich soils; also characteristic of boulder-field forests and dry, rocky woodlands, barrens, and outcrops on moderately to strongly calcareous and mafic substrates such as limestone, dolomite, metabasalt, amphibolite, siltstone, calcareous sandstone, and coastal shell deposits; rich seepage swamps, mafic and calcareous fens, well-drained floodplain forests, and old fields. Common in the mountains and Piedmont; infrequent but widespread in the Coastal Plain.
Native Status

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