Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn ssp. pseudocaudatum (Clute) Hulten

Locations ofPteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn ssp. pseudocaudatum (Clute) Hulten in Virginia

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Detail

Family
Dennstaedtiaceae
Botanical Name
Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn ssp. pseudocaudatum (Clute) Hulten
Common Name
Southern Bracken Fern
Synonym(s)
Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn var. pseudocaudatum (Clute) Heller
Flora of Virginia Name/Status
Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn ssp pseudocaudatum (Clute) Heller
Comments
The current map is incomplete and the ssp. is much more widespread in eastern and southern Virginia than records indicate. This taxon appears to be the common ssp. in the southeastern and east-central Virginia Coastal Plain, extending sporadically north to Fairfax County and over most of the Piedmont south of the James River. See comments under the maps of Pteridium aquilinum, sensu lato and ssp. latiusculum. The two ssp. have overlapping ranges in Virginia, and some specimens with intermediate characters can be difficult to assign.
Habitat
Maritime forests and dune woodlands, sandhill woodlands, dry oak and oak-pine forests, sandy clearings, roadsides, wet flatwoods, bogs, and boggy clearings; especially abundant in areas with a history of frequent fires. Common in the southern and central Coastal Plain, and in the outer Piedmont south of the James River; infrequent or rare elsewhere.
Native Status
Native

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