Celtis laevigata Willd.

Locations ofCeltis laevigata Willd. in Virginia

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Botanical Name
Celtis laevigata Willd.
Common Name
Sugarberry, Southern Hackberry
Celtis smallii Beadle; Celtis laevigata Willd. var. smallii (Beadle) Sargent
Flora of Virginia Name/Status
Celtis laevigata Willd.
The distinction between C. laevigata and C. occidentalis is problematic in Virginia, complicated by wide morphological variation in both species, sympatric ranges, and suspected hybridization. Available keys for distinguishing these species are often inadequate, sometimes conflicting, or require plant parts (such as mature fruits or leaves subtending them) that are often inaccessible or unavailable. Current distribution data are based on varying interpretations of individual collectors and almost certainly fail to provide a consensus on morphology. Phytogeographically, it seems likely that this species is confined (or nearly so) to the eastern portion of the state. Where to draw the line awaits critical examination of specimens. Includes var. smallii (Beadle) Sargent (C. smallii Beadle), the more common morphological variant in the Piedmont of Virginia, with a few teeth on each margin.
Floodplain forests, especially on natural levees; upland calcareous forests and woodlands, and shell middens. Apparently frequent to common in at least parts of the Coastal Plain and Piedmont (especially southward), and infrequent to rare in the mountains. However, considerable uncertainty exists about the range of this species in Virginia.
Native Status

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