Chamaepericlymenum canadense (L.) Ascherson & Graebner

Locations ofChamaepericlymenum canadense (L.) Ascherson & Graebner in Virginia

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Botanical Name
Chamaepericlymenum canadense (L.) Ascherson & Graebner
Common Name
Bunchberry, Dwarf Cornel, Dwarf Dogwood
Cornus canadensis L.
Flora of Virginia Name/Status
Cornus canadensis L.
Flora of the Southeastern U.S. (Weakley et al. 2023) splits traditional Cornus into several genera (Chamaepericlymenum, Benthamidia, and Swida in our area) representing major clades in phylogenetic analysis. Even though Cornus treated broadly is monophyletic, the clades are also monophyletic and diverged millions of years ago, accorrding to Yu et al. (2017, PLOS One DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0171361) and Fu et al. (2019, Molec. Phylogen. & Evol. 140: 106601). As evolutionary lineages, these clades are far older than many groups treated by taxonomists as genera and clearly merit generic status.
Higher-elevation forests, in organic-rich soils, Sphagnum, or talus; under Betula cordifolia, Picea rubens, or Pinus rigida at the few known sites. Rare in the mountains (Albemarle, Bath, Highland, and Rockingham counties).
Native Status

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